10+1 thoughts from Daniel 4

Please read your Daniel 4 before. If you don’t have a Bible handy, read it or listen it here – https://www.esv.org/Daniel+4/

„One passage studied until its significance is clear to the mind and its relation to the plan of salvation is evident, is of more value than the perusal of many chapters with no definite purpose in view and no positive instruction gained.” (Steps to Christ, chapter 10 – A Knowledge of God).

1. Who is the author of this chapter? (v. 1) Unbelievably, we are reading in our Bibles, along with the famous words of Jesus, Paul, Moses, John, David… the exceptional testimony of a former pagan king, now converted to the faith in the God of heavens. (Daniel inserted in his book this testimony.)

2. System failure (v. 7). Again, the magicians of the empire can not help their king. This time they are even told the dream and still they are helpless. They must have been fired!

3. Ombelico del mondo (vs. 10-12). When one reads these verses sees the importance of Nebuchadnezzar – he was really somebody (aka the head of gold head, see also v. 22). He is in the middle of the earth, he is seen up to the edges/margins of the earth, he is high up to heaven, all and everybody takes shelter in him, who provides for all. He is like a god… Well, he is the right kind of the guy to be used by God for a change!

4. Beast vs Human (v. 16). Nebuchadnezzar is to become like an animal in the Zoo. For a while. And then become human again. A different kind of human being, one in the image of God. It is interesting then to see that change also in the prophecy of the Lion (Daniel 7:4), where the beast becomes indeed a human being.

5. Happiness. While in verse 4 we have a king who lives „at ease in my house and prospering in my palace”, the reality is different. Daniel asks the king to repent (verse 27) so that hapiness might be prolonged: „break off your sins by practicing righteousness, and your iniquities by showing mercy to the oppressed, that there may perhaps be a lengthening of your prosperity”. In the end Nebuchadnezzar finds it, the hard way, but forever. We will see him in heaven!

6. Rebuking the king (v. 27). Daniel has the courage to ask the king to repent. Who could have had the power to say anything like that to Nebuchadnezzar? God! And His servant, Daniel, just follows the Word of God. (For sure it was not an easy task – see v. 19).

7. A year of grace (v. 29). The judgments of God never come out of the blue. The king knew, he was warned, everybody in the court knew about it. And yet… for a full year nothing changed. Then God stepped in.

8. Me, myself and I (v. 30). Read verse 30 and be amazed by the ego-centrism of Nebuchadnezzar: „“Is not this great Babylon, which I have built by my mighty power as a royal residence and for the glory of my majesty?” When there is no place for God in the poster with you, something is going to happen…

9. Reason coming back (v. 34). After seven years he lifted up his eyes to heaven. That is when „reason returned”. So many people think that coming to church, being a religious person, believing in God is like being stupid… The king of Babylon testifies differently – his reason returned. Even more, after his return, more greatness followed (v. 36) as now, a converted man, he could manage it wisely, to the glory of God.

10. Now (v. 37). There is always a reset button somewhere. For Nebuchadnezzar it came when he was on the higheat peak of his pride. That is why he knows to say it loudly that „those who walk in pride he [God] is able to humble.” (see also v. 17). Where is your reset button? When should you press it? Now!

God wins. Daniel wins. Nebuchadnezzar is won.


11. Please tell me your thought about Daniel 4. Use the comment form below.


10+1 thoughts from Daniel 3

Please read your Daniel 3 before. If you don’t have a Bible handy, read it or listen it here – https://www.esv.org/Daniel+3/

„One passage studied until its significance is clear to the mind and its relation to the plan of salvation is evident, is of more value than the perusal of many chapters with no definite purpose in view and no positive instruction gained.” (Steps to Christ, chapter 10 – A Knowledge of God).


1. The image of gold (v. 1). It is not just the head, as in the original prophecy (chapter 2). The king wants to show that his kingdom never ends. And there is no stone around… Yet, it is marked by 60x6x6… Do you see a connection with Revelation 13?

2. The event is the dedication of this image (v. 2). The „dedication” itself is not cutting a ribbon… it is a religious event. In fact everyone is ordered to „fall down and worship the golden image” (v. 5), to pagan gods (as we can read in v. 12). Do you see a connection with Revelation 13?

3. The guests (vs. 2-4). Everyone is invited – that is by force – to come to this political and religious event. There are different orders of commanders, different nations, languages, people of every kind. All. Do you see a connection with Revelation 13? (By now you probably decided that you should turn to Revelation 13).

4. „Smart” Jews (v. 12). The temptation was known: Bow down for a little time. Nothing happens. Just bow down, pick up your keys or your phone. Tie you shoes. Do some exercise. Just don’t make a scene now!

It seems that all others were smart enough to fake it, if they didn’t believe it. Daniel’s friends are not that „smart”. They are just true.

5. Another god (v. 15). Nebuchadnezzar seems to forget that there is another God than his gods, than himself. Defiantly he asks: „who is the god who will deliver you out of my hands”? In a couple of minutes he will find out. And he will admit that he knows Him by name (read for yourself v. 26). So the question in the first place was just a show of power and intimidation.

6. Three steps in handling a crisis (v. 17).

  • God is able to deliver the young men.
  • He will deliver them.
  • But even if He does not do it, they will still not bow down.

7. Strange mathematics (v. 25). You throw 3 bounded men in a fire and then you see 4 free men walking inside the furnace.

8. Fireproof (v. 27). „The fire had not had any power over the bodies of those men.” One can not say the same thing about the beast… Compare with Daniel 7:11! Or, again, with Revelation 19:20.

9. An angel (v. 28). Who was in the furnace with the three men? The king says it appears to be „like a son of the gods” (v. 25), later he is sure that it was „an angel” (v. 28). The same thing said Daniel in chapter 6:22 about his deliverer from the lions’ den.

10. Obeying the kings of the world? (v. 28). All the political regimes that courted the Christian church used these verses in Romans 13:1-2 to subdue it: „Let every person be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and those that exist have been instituted by God. Therefore whoever resists the authorities resists what God has appointed, and those who resist will incur judgment.”

How come that the three men did otherwise? How come that Nebuchadnezzar himself praises them later for doing otherwise?

Of course, Paul intended something else than what dictators used his text for. No question, Paul followed Jesus in giving to the Caesar what is due to him. However, worship is not to be given to any king. And obedience only as much as his orders are within the laws of God.

God wins. Daniel’s friends win. Nebuchadnezzar wins.


11. Please tell me your thought about Daniel 3. Use the comment form below.

10+1 thoughts from Daniel 2

Please read your Daniel 2 before. If you don’t have a Bible handy, read it or listen it here – https://www.esv.org/Daniel+2/

„One passage studied until its significance is clear to the mind and its relation to the plan of salvation is evident, is of more value than the perusal of many chapters with no definite purpose in view and no positive instruction gained.” (Steps to Christ, chapter 10 – A Knowledge of God).



1. The smartest king ever in terms of relating to his magicians: „show me [first] the dream and [then] its interpretation” (v. 6). So many people let an ear to interpretations only, without looking for the source of messages. How can one believe an interpretation if the interpreter can not show his source? (see v. 9)

2. The most sincere magicians facing a furious king: „The thing that the king asks is difficult, and no one can show it to the king except the gods, whose dwelling is not with flesh” (v. 11). It is as if they were saying: „and, by the way, o, king, we have no access indeed to the gods…” (v. 10 and v. 27) All set for their resignation!

3. Three steps in Daniel’s success (vs. 16-19):

(1) requested a time from the king when to show the interpretation,
(2) shared with his friends the matter and prayed together,
(3) asked and received it from God in a revelation.

Check v. 23 and see a God who communicates with mortals: „To you, O God of my fathers, I give thanks and praise, for you have given me wisdom and might, and have now made known to me what we asked of you, for you have made known to us the king’s matter.”

4. Have you noticed the switch and contrast in the whole chapter when we meet a „but” ? Read the chapter, highlight the many times this conjuction appears and notice the huge contrast emphasized by Daniel. How many times, 6, 7? (yes, depending on the version used).

5. Fragmentation. Destruction. Notice the words used by Daniel (by God giving the revelation) to represent the (in)stability of human empires: „broke” (v. 34), „broken” (v. 35), „becoming like chaff” (v. 35), „carried away” (v. 35), „not a trace to be found” (v. 35). By contrast, one of the „buts”, the stone grows into a mountain. That is stability.

6. The four empires seem to rule the whole earth: Babylon has a rule over „them all” (v. 38), Persia, as weaker empire will follow, conquering the „head” (v. 39), Greece will „rule over all the earth” (v. 39), while Rome „shatters all things” (v. 40). Yet, not one will be able to stay in power for good…

7. Look for the unfit marriages, iron mixed with clay. It simply cannot stand (v. 43). Look for unfit marriages between paganism and Christianity, between religions, between church and state. The same story: looks like a unity, yet will be falling down.

8. At the endtime there will not be an empire by itself, but many „kings” – probably a fragmentation like in the European Union (v. 44).

9. In the end there is one kingdom that will „never be destroyed”, nor „left to another people”, a kingdom that shall „stand forever”. Guess which one? One King only offers us eternal life!

10. The greatest testimony and witness: „Truly, your God is God of gods and Lord of kings, and a revealer of mysteries…” (v. 47). Nebuchadnezzar goes from (1) having received visions from gods, (2) finding no one to access the gods, (3) killing those who pretend to have revelations from gods, (4) listening to a slave connected with God, (5) recognizing the God of all gods.

God wins. Daniel wins. Nebuchadnezzar wins.


11. Please tell me your thought about Daniel 2. Use the comment form below.


10+1 thoughts from Daniel 1

Please read your Daniel 1 before. If you don’t have a Bible handy, read it or listen it here – https://www.esv.org/Daniel+1/

„One passage studied until its significance is clear to the mind and its relation to the plan of salvation is evident, is of more value than the perusal of many chapters with no definite purpose in view and no positive instruction gained.” (Steps to Christ, chapter 10 – A Knowledge of God).



1. While being a slave, in a far away and pagan country, suffering as innocent for the sins of others, Daniel still sees God. And Him active, as in v. 2, “the Lord gave”, in v. 9, “God gave”, and in v. 17, “God gave”. In the setting, during the trial, to the victory… God is in there. Giving. Providing.

2. You are being offered “the king’s food” (v. 5), and yet you know it is to defile you. Don’t aim for king’s stuff. And yet, be open: you can serve a defiled king without defiling yourself.

3. Three steps in Daniel’s trial (v. 8):

(1) resolved, in his heart and mind,
(2) asked, the right step before the next,
(3) not to be forced to defile himself.

Many times people jump to the 3rd, saying “I was forced, I had no choice”. What about your first choice, to resolve in your mind? What about asking (to man and for sure to God)? What about testing God, and let Him handle your challenge?

4. Food & Education. That is what is put in (vs. 4-5). For the body and for the mind. It is the same challenge today – what do you feed your body and mind with? Is it the defiling king’s food?

5. Change of identity (v. 7). They changed the names of the young Jewish men, to erase the memory of their God and become „new Babylonians”. But they couldn’t change their God. He was more into their life than just a name…

6. When serving God, when giving testimony for Him and His providence, we should not be “in worse condition” than the others of our own generation (vs. 10, 15).

7. Ten days (v. 12). A short-term test with consequences for life. And a real daily test – abstinence from what is harmful.

8. Found x10 better (v. 20). Not fatter, nor richer etc. Just better in the tasks you were given. But wait… 10x better? That is amazing. Unbelievable!

9. Why not saying anything against the “education” – learning of literature and language of the Chaldeans (v. 4)? Wasn’t it a danger all along? How come that we talk about Daniel’s diet but not about his education? As v. 17 shows, it was God who gave them skills for proper education so that they can go all the way to the top hierarchy (v. 19) and witness to the most noble officials in the kingdom against the magicians (v. 20).

10. Daniel stays while Babylon goes away (v. 27). Read it again. Don’t pass over it too soon. Daniel comes in as a slave of a superpower, and he ends alive while Babylon falls. What a better before/after image? That is a miracle. Showing again God’s hand.


11. Please tell me your thought about Daniel 1. Use the comment form below.


What happened with the (first) mountain in Daniel 2?

I need some clarity on some things regarding the dream and its interpretation in Daniel 2.

Is the prophecy symbolic or literal? If it’s literal, yes, we have historically records to prove that these kingdoms actually existed. As the v. 45 says „the dream is certain, and the interpretation is sure”. However, if its symbolic then it’s fair to say that the mountain where the stone came from, must have a meaning, because in v. 35 it says that „the stone grew and became a great mountain and it filled the whole earth”. So, what happened to the first mountain where the stone was cut off from? Would it be fair to say it disappeared? Maybe the prophecy is both symbolic and literal…

What’s your views on that?

Thank you.


Thank you for the question(s). First, let me review the dream and its basic features, so that we can somehow see if it is symbolic or literal.

As we will see below, the dream is symbolic, and its interpretation has very concrete application. Let me start with the interpretation… While Daniel thanks the Lord for giving him the interpretation, he says that God “changes times and seasons, he removes kings and sets up kings” (v. 21). The vision is then about kings! Are they literal? Of course.

When Daniel is presented before the king, he tells Nebuchadnezzar that God has shown the king “what will be in the latter days” (v. 28). The worries the king had had were also about… “what would be after this” (v. 29), that is after his reign. Inevitably, the king meditated and maybe worried about the next king or even the kingdom to follow his reign.

Now, the dream is built around an image. This is of course a symbol. No one makes a statue of 4 different metals and with its feet of… clay! Whatever was symbolic in the dream, now turns to some historical application. I say “some” because, of course, we do not take everything. For example, there is nothing about the “neck”. There is nothing about the “two” arms or the “two” legs, although it says about arms and legs. While some people interpret even the “ten” toes, the prophecy itself does not say anything about their number (we presume the statue had ten).

When Daniel interprets inflexibly that “you [Nebuchadnezzar] are the head of gold” (v. 38), then we understand that such an application was for them in a “here and now” setting. Accordingly, the rest of the prophecy and its interpretation has to do with following kingdoms, in the future but nonetheless real. In chapter 5 we learn who followed the Babylonians – the Medo-Persians. In chapter 8:21 we learn about the kingdom of Greece, who conquered the Medo-Persia (the same is pointed out also in 10:20). To follow up, who conquered Greece? By the time of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Romans were the rulers of the world including Jerusalem (Luke 2:1, 3:1 or Luke 21:20, John 11:48).

Whatever would be the toes and the feet, they are not in the Bible, as the history of the Bible covers only as much as the first century of Christianity. We believe that these kingdoms, of whom Daniel says they will be divided, strong and weak, mixed in marriages, but not hold together, are those kingdoms found in the history of Europe after the fall of Rome (476 AD).

The last of the kingdoms is a stone. We believe is the reign of Jesus Christ, His kingdom, as about it we learn that it is “a kingdom that shall never be destroyed, nor shall the kingdom be left to another people” (v. 44). Even more, “it shall stand forever” (v. 44).

This stone is not metals (gold, silver, bronze, iron); it is not clay; this is not a mixture of metal and clay. It is stone, a completely different substance. Such a stone is taken from… stone. Cut out from a larger one, a mountain.

So, now your question is what happened to that mountain?

We don’t know. It is as simple as that.

And probably it does not have a special significance. This should not surprise or disappoint you. Remember what Daniel said about another set of visions? Read Daniel 7:1 and learn that after it all, “he wrote down the dream and told the sum of the matter”. Maybe even here, the “sum of the matter” did not include some details. For example, as I said before about the lack of information/interpretation of neck, two arms, two legs, let me add: it does not say anything about the clothes the statue might have had, if the arms were crossed (as some depict them) or along the body (as in some statues), if the person carried any weapon or insignia, if there were any shoes on the feet, how big was the stone, or why on the final destruction the order things is different (the “clay” is placed out of the normal order, v. 35 and v. 45).

Bear with me – the Bible does not say about what happened with the (first) mountain. About the second mountain, we are clearly told: “the stone that struck the image became a great mountain and filled the whole earth” (v. 35). But only during the delivery of the interpretation, we learn that the stone was cut in the first place from a mountain (v. 45).

We do not know if that mountain was of this world or not. We presume it to be so. If it is so, then that first mountain was covered by the second. If not… then… we don’t know.

It is not to us to tell it what happened with it. The Bible says about the stone that it “was cut out by no human hand” (v. 34). The point is that it looks like having a divine origin, or at least not a human origin.. It is not the result of human efforts. May we suggest that while hitting the statue, it looks like coming from heaven? Exactly as Jesus’ kingdom. See John 18:36 – “Jesus answered, “My kingdom is not of this world. If my kingdom were of this world, my servants would have been fighting, that I might not be delivered over to the Jews. But my kingdom is not from the world.””